Did you know that over 80% of the goods in international trade move across the sea? That's right, imports and exports sail the seas of the planet. In Mexico, goods arrive and leave through the different national ports. Maritime transit is so important in international trade that thousands of vessels wait to unload in Mexican ports, but have you ever wondered what the vessels carrying goods are like, what their characteristics are? In this post we will know more about those giants that sail the seas of the world in international maritime trade. The classification of ships is mainly due to the cargo they carry, for example: Ships for cargo services, specialized ships, port service ships, however, in this post we will talk only about Ships for Cargo Services, cargoes that we at Agemarin know very well.
There are three ships that fall into this category: dry cargo ships or also called solid cargo ships, liquid cargo ships and mixed service ships that combine both characteristics.
Dry cargo ships carry heterogeneous bulk cargo, which means that they can be either bulk or break-bulk. These ships are also known as bulk carriers. The ships are designed to protect the transfer of the goods, they have equipment, cranes, refrigeration or freezing service and on the main deck they have the hatches through which the cargo is introduced into the holds. This type of vessel depends on the port terminal facilities, since they lack equipment to perform loading and unloading maneuvers. Their cargo can be cement, salt, wood, grains, minerals, chemical products and more.
Liquid cargo ships or Tankers, transport liquid cargo, its main feature is that the hull is divided into tanks, the same as having a pumping service for the proper movement of discharge of the goods. These ships transport chemical products, food in liquid state, oil, natural gas as well as its derivatives (liquid gas). The tankers and oil tankers that circulate in the world's waterways are built with double hulls to increase the resistance of their structures.
This type of vessel has the characteristics to transport different types of goods and is very profitable for the shipping sector. Among these characteristics they have reinforced areas on deck to receive the indivisible masses and are equipped with electrical sources for refrigerators, tanks for liquids, access ramps for the container equipment. These ships have the facility to transport a wide variety of products. Prepared to solve the needs of any vessel. If you want to know more about specialized vessels such as: Container vessels, Roll On- Roll Off vessels, Barge vessels, Catamaran Bacat vessels, Seabee vessels, read our next.